Gender and Technoculture WMST 320 – Fall 2016
California State University, Fullerton
Prof. Karyl E. Ketchum, Ph.D.
Women & Gender Studies and Queer Studies Minor Programs
Lab: Humanities 512
Office: Humanities 212D
Tues: 12:00 - 1:00, H 212D
Thurs: 12:00 - 1:00, H 212D
Thurs: 2:15 - 2:45, H 512
Message Center: (657) 278-2480 (With the exception of weekends, I will recieve messages left here within 24 hours.)
Cell: 917.378.2653 (txt me if you need a quick response!)
About our course:
Our understanding and experience of gender identity, gender expression, the body and desire, are influenced by our increasingly technologically mediated world in ways that are surprising, provocative and endlessly fascinating. Throughout this course we will be looking at these inter-relationships and exploring the ways in which these may shape and delimit our ability to work, play, and create with technological forms. We will be asking questions such as: How do popular narratives of technology’s origins shape our understanding of it?; What is the relationship between the corporeal body and the much-lauded virtual body of cyberspace?; When might technology’s promise of convenience and personalization become just another form of surveillance and control?; What are some of the effects of DIY Web 2.0 technologies on social movements (#BlackLivesMatter, Anonymous, the “Arab Spring”)?; how do new collaborative technology-based forms, such as Wikipedia, intervene in the production of knowledge and History?; and, what might new technologies of visibility have to tell us about understanding “Otherness” in a globalizing world?
Course Documents & Assignment Links:
Syllabus, Fall 2016 *Please use this syllabus for information on course policies, not our assignment schedule! Our current assignment schedule, including course readings, is at the bottom of this webpage.
Get your own CSU Fullerton *free version* of Adobe Creative Cloud, which includes Photoshop here!!: http://www.fullerton.edu/sts/software/adobe/
ASSIGNMENT 1: Correcting Wikipedia's Gender/Hetero/Racial/Western Bias Assignment Page
*Your Wikipedia Edits Are Due Live by Midnight Monday, October 4!!!
*Your 2-5 page Wikipedia Editing Reflective Essay is due in class on Thursday, October 20!!!
ASSIGNMENT 2: Photoshop Image Gallery Assignment Page
*** Get your CSU Fullerton *free version* of Adobe Creative Cloud, which includes Photoshop here!!: http://www.fullerton.edu/sts/software/adobe Due in Dr. K's email by midnight Nov 8!!!
ASSIGNMENT 3: Kuleshov Effect Assignment DUE IN Dr. K's email by midnight December 6!!!
*FOR EXTRA CREDIT: Please turn in 2-3 pages connecting the event you attended to our course theories, topics and vocabulary. These papers should be well-written and checked for spelling and grammar. They do not need to include citations but you should reference at least 3 of our course materials as well as vocabulary terms. The grade your recieve on this paper will be averaged with your lowest quiz grade. So, if you received a “C” on Quiz 1 (74/100 grade points), and an “A” on this extra credit paper (95/100 grade points), I will average these two grades giving you a “B“ for (84.5/100) for your Quiz 1 grade! :-)
Note: Some segments of this course are “flipped”! This means that I will rarely lecture in class; rather, you will be watching several short vlogs (video+blogs) that I have made that discuss the core concepts of this course. This is great news because it means that when we are in class together we can spend our time talking to each other, doing things, and making cool stuff with technology! These vlogs are posted on our course TITANium site and I will remind you when each vlog is due. Not all sets of readings will have vlogs. You should know the material covered in these vlogs for our quizzes. For more information on the idea of a flipped classroom go here: http://wp.me/pKlio-cq
Remember to watch these vlogs sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
* All readings are due in class on the date under which they are listed.
*** IMPORTANT: This schedule will change! Please check back before you begin the reading for the next week as these readings and assignment due dates will shift depending on what we are discussing and events in popular culture!
Aug 23: Welcome!!!
Review syllabus, questions
Aug 25: Introductions
Aug 30: Gender Studies/Feminist Studies/Queer Studies 101
Questions on readings
Go over key concepts and Killerman's Genderbread Person v2.0
Exercise in Discussion Groups
Key Terms and Concepts in Gender Studies and Cultural Studies . . . great stuff!
Killermann, Sam. The Social Justice Advocate’s Handbook: A Guide to Gender. Austin, Tx.: Impetus Books, 2013. excerpt.
Spender, Dale. "Language and Reality: Who Made the World?" The Routledge Language and Cultural Theory Reader. Ed. Tony Crowly and Alan Girvin Lucy Burke. The Politics of Language. London: Routledge, 1980. 145-53.
*Reminder: As you read the piece linked above by Dale Spender, every time she uses the word “males,” or its variation, change it to “masculine, ” or its variation. So, “[...] I was able to find numerous decrees, written down by males, which were directed towards ensuring male primacy within the language” , becomes “[...] I was able to find numerous decrees, written down by masculine individuals, which were directed towards ensuring masculinity’s primacy within the language” By doing this we no longer cast blame on all “men," nor do we allow ourselves to imagine that all “ men ” experience masculine privilege in the same way or even at all! Instead, we begin to see the ways in which masculinity - as a kind of floating signifier - attaches itself to different bodies in different ways depending on race, class, able-bodiedness, heteronorms and cultural, national and historical context . By doing this as you read you will TRANSFORM this piece, and still keep all that is excellent about it!
*For those of you interested in more info on the strengths and weaknesses of Spender's peice, go here: http://visuality.org/queer_sensibilities/wmst420_readings/k_notes_on_spender.pdf
Group 1: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates the relationship between “Othering” and social construction/social constructivism/ social constructionist.
Group 2: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates the relationship between “Othering” and homosocial triangulation.
Group 3: Please put together a skit to perform in class that illustrates the dynamics behind 2 of the understandings of “Othering” discussed on our vocabulary sheet.
Group 4: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates why Genderbread 3.0 is an important improvement on the continuum. Also show us why complicating biological sex is perhaps the most radical of these ideas!
Group 5: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates the relationship between “Othering” and exnomination.
Wikipedia Account Setup
Sept 6: THEME: The Histories of Sexuality, Gender and Identity Online
Stone, Sandy. "Split Subjects, Not Atoms; or, How I Fell in Love with My Prosthesis." The Cyborg Handbook. Ed. Chris Hables Gray. New York: Routledge, 1995. 393-406.
Please view both vlogs entitled, "Thoughts on the Readings by Stone and Turkle!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!!Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
We will watch the video below together in class!
SL Quick Start Guide
Select the graphic belwo to enlarge it!
Sept 13: Theme: The Body
Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sexing the Body. New York: Basic Books, 2000. Chap 3, “Of Gender and Genitals” pg 45-77.
Film: Intersexion [68 min.]
Film: Intersexion [68 min.]
Please read the 5 articles linked below!
#1. Read about, "101 Women Artists Who Got Wikipedia Pages This Week!"
#4. from the New York Times: Define Gender Gap? Look Up Wikipedia’s Contributor List
Theme: Technology and Female Desire
Amy Adele Hasinoff, “Sexting as Media Production: Rethinking Social Media and Sexuality,” New Media & Society, 2012.
Koedt, Anne. "The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm." CWL Herstory Online Archive (1970).
Dear and Brilliant Students:
There are at least two glaring problems with "The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm," but a whole lot about it that is pretty great!
PROBLEM 1: Please look for several sentences in the piece that are VERY problematic in the way they discusse race and/or ethnicity.
PROBLEM 2: This piece was written in 1970, during a time typically referred to as "Second Wave Feminism." Because of this, it has many of the problems associated with this early civil rights movement: namely, it comes off as "man-hating." This DOES NOT mean we throw it out though! Instead, as you are reading it please scratch out (literally!) every time you run into the word “man” and “woman” according to context change these to:
Likewise, every time you run into "women," according to context change it to:
So, “men have chosen to define women only in terms of how they benefited men's lives,” becomes: “masculinity encourages "men" to define feminine folks only in terms of how they benefited masculine lives”--or some variation of this!
( BTW, this sentence, taken directly from our article, is wrong! "Men" (masculine folks!) are also given lousy information about female anatomy and, in my experience, are grateful when they are finally given GOOD information!)
For Discussion: Female Anatomy
NOTE: Wikipedia edits are due by midnight on Monday, October 4!
You must also email me a copy of your WIkipedia contributions at: email@example.com Please title your email "Wikipedia Assignment."
This Film is Not Yet Rated [97 min.]
Oct 4: No class meeting
Please view the vlog under "Thoughts on Visual Theory!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site! WARNING: it’s a bit long!! Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
Discuss Wiki Project article feedback from online editors.
This Film is Not Yet Rated [97 min.]
Oct 11: Theme: Technology and Vision
Discuss Wiki Project article feedback from online editors.
Kember, Sarah. Virtual Anxiety: Photography, New Technologies and Subjectivity. New York: Redwood Books, 1998. Chap 1 – The Shadow of the Object: Photography and Realism.
Please go through this Index of Kember-related Images
“Photo Tampering Throughout History,” On the Four & Six site—a company specializing in “image forensics” http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/ *peruse the entire image archive but pay particular attention to the photoshoppins of the images listed under "Race & Gender" here: http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/tag/race-and-gender
Vlog(s): Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
Please view both vlogs under "Thoughts on "The Shadow of the Object: Photography & Realism" by Sarah Kember!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!!
Video to watch together in class!:
"The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies"
Discuss Wiki Project article feedback from online editors.
Oct 18:Theme: Theme: Technology, Whiteness and Racialization Online
Nakamura, L. (2009). Don't Hate the Player, Hate the Game: The Racialization of Labor in World of Warcraft. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 26, 128-144.
Rodriguez, Vernadette V. Gonzlez and Robyn Magalit. "Filipina.Com: Wives, Workers and Whores on the Cyberfrontier." An Introduction to Women's Studies :Gender in a Transnational World. Ed. Inderpal Grewal and Caren Kaplan. Vol. 2. New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 2006. 375-79.
Videos to watch together *in class*!
"Ni Hao (A Gold Farmers Story)" on Youtube (discussed by Nakamura)
Oct 20: Wiki Reflection Essay DUE IN CLASS TODAY!!! Please include a copy of your WIki contributions with your essay. :-)
* We will do this in class together! Harvard University's "Project Implicit" https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/
Oct 25: Theme: Racialization and Surveillance Culture - PANOPTICON!
Ketchum, Karyl E. "Facegen and the Technovisual Politics of Embodied Surfaces." Women's Studies Quarterly 37.Special Issue: Technologies (2009): 183-99.
Read the website: "Camouflage From Face Detection" or, how to hide from machines! “CV Dazzle: Camouflage from Face Detection.” N. p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013.
Jeremy Bentham, Michel Foucault and the PANOPTICON
The Homicide Report: A Story For Every Victim
** Facegen Software – bring in three pictures of yourself for use in Facegen (one straight on, one right profile, one left profile). You can also download you own copy of the Facegen Modeller (PC version only) HERE: http://www.facegen.com/downloads.htm
Bank of Facegen-ready celebrity faces: http://www.relativitybook.com/CoolStuff/facebank.html
Nov 1: Theme: Social Justice <<>> Social Media
Juan Cole and Shahin Cole, “An Arab spring for women - Le Monde diplomatique - English edition”, April 26, 2011, http://mondediplo.com/openpage/an-arab-spring-for-women
Mona El-Naggar, “Equal Rights Takes to the Barricades - NYTimes.com”, February 1, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/02/world/middleeast/02iht-letter02.html?_r=1
“Egypt: The viral vlog of Asmaa Mahfouz that helped spark an uprising – Boing Boing”, February 2, 2011, http://boingboing.net/2011/02/02/egypt-the-viral-vlog.html ***(Please watch this BEFORE coming to class)
Please view the vlog under "Thoughts on Social Media & the Arab Spring!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
We will watch this together in-class!: "For Neda" (70 min) https://youtu.be/F48SinuEHIk
UCLA's Hypercities Project on Egypt
Photoshop Gallery Assignment must be in Dr. K's email by MIDNIGHT TONIGHT!!! firstname.lastname@example.org Please title your email "Photoshop Assignment."
Nov 10: Theme: Vision, Visibility, Gender and Power
Sturken, Marita, and Lisa Cartwright. “Spectatorship, Power and Knowledge,” Practices of Looking : An Introduction to Visual Culture. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Please view the vlog entitled, "Thoughts on Vision, Visibility and Power!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!!Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
Go over ASSIGNMENT 2: Kuleshov Effect Assignment Guidelines! Experiment in visual meaning-making! Create a series of two Kuleshov Effects that reflect on the ideas in our course.
Videos (We will watch these together, in class!):
Rear Window's famous kiss
Youtube on the "Kulashov Effect"
The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies
"The Meeting of Two Queens," 14 min. & "Badass Supermama," 17 min.
Here are some helpful links!:
Alfred Hitchcock on the Kuleshov, or "montage," effect: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCAE0t6KwJY
Article: "The Kuleshov Experiment": http://www.elementsofcinema.com/editing/kuleshov-effect.html
Kuleshov's reel #1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_gGl3LJ7vHc
For more ideas for your film project we will be watching several clips from the famous experimental film series, "Meeting Two Queens" in class today, aloong with some projects from previous semesters.
On "Meeting Two Queens": From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecilia_Barriga: "Meeting Two Queens" or "Encuentro entre dos Reinas" is Cecilia Barriga's skillful attempt at re-editing and cutting various scenes from films featuring Hollywood stars Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich in order to create a space for lesbian identity politics and identity formation. It offers an alternative viewing of these famous Hollywood stars which effectively re-envisions them as icons of the burgeoning gay and lesbian movement of the early 1990s. Meeting Two Queens engages feminist politics due to it being a fan-made film for fans of Garbo and Dietrich - stars who are significant in film history, lesbian subculture, and feminist criticism. Barriga's film also assists in validating one's sexual identity with Hollywood role models, which is both empowering and liberating for the formation of gay identity and solidarity. Mary Desjardins writes in Film Quarterly that, "Film scholars have placed these works within the avant-garde because their construction through appropriation and juxtaposition of fragments from a variety of films supposedly offers a commentary on the meaning process of all films." The critic B. Ruby Rich in New Queer Cinema: The Director’s Cut comments that Barriga's Meeting Two Queens, "re-edits Dietrich and Garbo movies to construct a dream narrative: get the girls together, help them meet, let them get it on".(Encuentro entre dos Reinas, 1991 In The Girls in the Back Room: Looking at the Lesbian Bar, Kelly Hankin notes that Meeting Two Queens, "skillfully juxtaposes spare parts from a range of classical Hollywood films to depict a romance between Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich."
"The Hospital" and "The Library," beginning @ 2:40
"The Telephone," @ 6:29
"The Dialogue," @ 7:41
Break Free. My debut short film. #BreakFreePosted by Ruby Rose on Monday, July 14, 2014
Nov 15 :
Nov 17: Lab:
Kuleshov Effect Project and Camtasia
Nov 22: Fall Recess
Nov 24: Fall Recess
Nov 29: Theme: Technology, Masculinity and Militarism
Strauss, David Levi. "Breakdown in the Gray Room: Recent Turns in the Image War." Abu Ghraib: The Politics of Torture. Berkeley: Terra Nova, 2004. 87-101.
Sanbonmatsu, John. "Video Games and Machine Dreams of Domination." Gender, Race and Class in Media. Ed. Gail Dines and Jean M. Humez. Los Angeles: Sage, 2011. 571-82.
Film: Making a Killing: Guns, Greed and teh NRA (We will watch this in class!). 1 hour 45 min. https://vimeo.com/158701463/9c362ae2a9
This is not required reading but is of interest to those of you who would like additional information about the U.S. practice of relying on drone strikes: Columbia University Report on U.S. Drone Strikes
Dec 1: Lab
Dec 6: Lab
Your Kulesov Project must be in my box by midnight TONIGHT!
Please email to email@example.com and write "Kuleshov Project" as the subject of your email. :)
Dec 8: Film Festival!!! ATTENDANCE IS MANDATORY!!!
Video: We will watch this together in class.
"Unmanned" (22 min.)
(From Colmbia University's report on US Drone Strikes linked above)
TransHack Project: Research shows that transgender people are unemployed at 2x the national rate–4x for transgender people of color; have incomes of less than $10,00 a year; experience homelessness at 2x the rate of non-trans people; and suffer overwhelming discrimination when it comes to accessing adequate healthcare and legal services. This problem not only affects transgender adults but trans and gender nonconforming youth as well. A necessary step in addressing anti-transgender bias is to create technology that socially empowers transgender individuals. Imagine if there existed a mobile phone app that helps individuals find trans friendly doctors or an app that profiles safe space job opportunities for trans people across the country? Trans*H4CK is a space in which to turn these possibilities into reality.
Wikipedia Vision: WikipediaVision is a (close to!) real-time visualization of edits to the English (and the German, French, Spanish, Swedish) Wikipedia site(s).
Links on Filmmaking:
Links to Previous Students' Work:
Visual Theory Links:
Experiments in Visual Theory and HTML
Other Readings of Interest:
Wong, Kristina Sheryl. "Pranks and Fake Porn: Doing Feminism My Way." Catching a
Wave: Reclaiming Feminism for the 21st Century. Ed. Rory Dicker and Alison
Piepmeier. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2003.
Other Cool Stuff to Check Out:Guillermo Gomez Pena's site
Technlogies of Vision--"Film Making Techniques"
2007 FCC Oversight Hearing -- John Kerry
Heather Hunt, Gender and Technoculture, Spring 2009