Gender and Technoculture WMST 320 – Fall 2016
California State University, Fullerton

Prof. Karyl E. Ketchum, Ph.D.
Women & Gender Studies and Queer Studies Minor Programs

Lab: Humanities 512
Office: Humanities 212D

Office Hours::
Tues: 12:00 - 1:00, H 212D
Thurs: 12:00 - 1:00, H 212D
Thurs: 2:15 - 2:45, H 512

Message Center: (657) 278-2480 (With the exception of weekends, I will recieve messages left here within 24 hours.)
Cell: 917.378.2653 (txt me if you need a quick response!)

About our course:
Our understanding and experience of gender identity, gender expression, the body and desire, are influenced by our increasingly technologically mediated world in ways that are surprising, provocative and endlessly fascinating. Throughout this course we will be looking at these inter-relationships and exploring the ways in which these may shape and delimit our ability to work, play, and create with technological forms. We will be asking questions such as: How do popular narratives of technology’s origins shape our understanding of it?; What is the relationship between the corporeal body and the much-lauded virtual body of cyberspace?; When might technology’s promise of convenience and personalization become just another form of surveillance and control?; What are some of the effects of DIY Web 2.0 technologies on social movements (#BlackLivesMatter, Anonymous, the “Arab Spring”)?; how do new collaborative technology-based forms, such as Wikipedia, intervene in the production of knowledge and History?; and, what might new technologies of visibility have to tell us about understanding “Otherness” in a globalizing world?


Course Documents & Assignment Links:
Syllabus, Fall 2016 *Please use this syllabus for information on course policies, not our assignment schedule! Our current assignment schedule, including course readings, is at the bottom of this webpage.

Dr. K's Key Terms and Concepts in Gender Studies and Cultural Studies

CSU Fullerton Women & Gender Studies and Queer Studies website

Second Life Assignment Interview Sheet

Get your own CSU Fullerton *free version* of Adobe Creative Cloud, which includes Photoshop here!!:



ASSIGNMENT 1: Correcting Wikipedia's Gender/Hetero/Racial/Western Bias Assignment Page
*Your Wikipedia Edits Are Due Live by Midnight Thursday, October 6!!!
*Your 2-5 page Wikipedia Editing Reflective Essay is due in class on Thursday, October 20!!!

ASSIGNMENT 2: Photoshop Image Gallery Assignment Page
*** Get your CSU Fullerton *free version* of Adobe Creative Cloud, which includes Photoshop here!!: Due in Dr. K's email by midnight Nov 8!!!

ASSIGNMENT 3: Kuleshov Effect Assignment DUE IN Dr. K's email by midnight December 6!!!


*FOR EXTRA CREDIT: You may do up to 2 extra credit papers. Please turn in 2-3 pages connecting the event you attended to our course theories, topics and vocabulary. These papers should be well-written and checked for spelling and grammar. They do not need to include citations but you should reference at least 3 of our course materials as well as vocabulary terms. The grade your recieve on this paper will be averaged with your lowest quiz grade. So, if you received a “C” on Quiz 1 (74/100 grade points), and an “A” on this extra credit paper (95/100 grade points), I will average these two grades giving you a “B“ for (84.5/100) for your Quiz 1 grade! :-)

Extra Credit opportunities (I will add to this list as additional opportunites become available!):

#1. Women and the 2016 Elections: Let's talk about politics Tuesday, October 11, 2016 11:30–1:00PM Pollak Library North 130 (PLN-130)

#2. Deconstructing LGBTQ, Th. 10/13, 4-6p – LGBTQ Resource Center, TSU

#3. LGBTQ President’s Reception Dinner, Th. 10/20, 5:30-7:30p, Arboretum

#4. Let It Flow Open Mic Nyte & LGBTQ History Month Closing, Th. 10/27, 4-7p, Titan Theatre

#5. Any of the sessions at CSUF Women's Center Empowerment as Prevention Conference, Oct 28 from 8.30am - 5.00pm in the TSU, Pavilions AB. The conference is free but you need to register here:




Note: Some segments of this course are “flipped”!  This means that I will rarely lecture in class; rather, you will be watching several short vlogs (video+blogs) that I have made that discuss the core concepts of this course.  This is great news because it means that when we are in class together we can spend our time talking to each other, doing things, and making cool stuff with technology!  These vlogs are posted on our course TITANium site and I will remind you when each vlog is due. Not all sets of readings will have vlogs.  You should know the material covered in these vlogs for our quizzes. For more information on the idea of a flipped classroom go here:
Remember to watch these vlogs sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!








Course Readings and Assignment Schedule:

* All readings are due in class on the date under which they are listed.

*** IMPORTANT: This schedule will change! Please check back before you begin the reading for the next week as these readings and assignment due dates will shift depending on what we are discussing and events in popular culture!



Aug 23: Welcome!!!
Review syllabus, questions




Aug 25: Introductions



Aug 30: Gender Studies/Feminist Studies/Queer Studies 101
Class schedule:
Questions on readings
Go over key concepts and Killerman's Genderbread Person v2.0
Exercise in Discussion Groups

Key Terms and Concepts in Gender Studies and Cultural Studies . . . great stuff!

Killermann, Sam. The Social Justice Advocate’s Handbook: A Guide to Gender. Austin, Tx.: Impetus Books, 2013. excerpt.

Spender, Dale. "Language and Reality: Who Made the World?" The Routledge Language and Cultural Theory Reader. Ed. Tony Crowly and Alan Girvin Lucy Burke. The Politics of Language. London: Routledge, 1980. 145-53.
*Reminder: As you read the piece linked above by Dale Spender, every time she uses the word “males,” or its variation, change it to “masculine, ” or its variation. So, “[...] I was able to find numerous decrees, written down by males, which were directed towards ensuring male primacy within the language” [148], becomes “[...] I was able to find numerous decrees, written down by masculine individuals, which were directed towards ensuring masculinity’s primacy within the language” By doing this we no longer cast blame on all “men," nor do we allow ourselves to imagine that all “ men ” experience masculine privilege in the same way or even at all! Instead, we begin to see the ways in which masculinity - as a kind of floating signifier - attaches itself to different bodies in different ways depending on race, class, able-bodiedness, heteronorms and cultural, national and historical context . By doing this as you read you will TRANSFORM this piece, and still keep all that is excellent about it!
*For those of you interested in more info on the strengths and weaknesses of Spender's peice, go here:



Genderbread version 3.1




Sept 1:

Group 1: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates the relationship between “Othering” and social construction/social constructivism/ social constructionist.

Group 2: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates the relationship between “Othering” and homosocial triangulation.

Group 3: Please put together a skit to perform in class that illustrates the dynamics behind 2 of the understandings of “Othering” discussed on our vocabulary sheet.

Group 4: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates why Genderbread 3.0 is an important improvement on the continuum.

Group 5: Please put together a skit to perform in class that demonstrates the relationship between “Othering” and exnomination.

Second Life
Screen shots
Wikipedia Account Setup





Sept 6: THEME: The Histories of Sexuality, Gender and Identity Online
Stone, Sandy. "Split Subjects, Not Atoms; or, How I Fell in Love with My Prosthesis." The Cyborg Handbook. Ed. Chris Hables Gray. New York: Routledge, 1995. 393-406.

Turkle, Sherry. "Tinysex and Gender Trouble." Sex/Machine: Readings in Culture, Gender and Technology. Ed. Patrick D. Hopkins. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995. 395-416.

Cannon, Robert Alan Brookey and Kristopher L. "Sex Lives in Second Life." Gender, Race and Class in Media. Ed. Gail Dines and Jean M. Humez. Los Angeles: Sage, 2011. 571-82.

Washington Post article “Does Virtual Reality Need a Sheriff?”

Please view both vlogs entitled, "Thoughts on the Readings by Stone and Turkle!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!!Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!

Second Life Ad

We will watch the video below together in class!




Sept 8:

Second Life

SL Quick Start Guide

Select the graphic belwo to enlarge it!
Second Life Aciton Key




Sept 13: Theme: The Body
Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sexing the Body. New York: Basic Books, 2000. Chap 3, “Of Gender and Genitals” pg 45-77.

: Intersexion [68 min.]

Sept 15:
Film: Intersexion [68 min.]




Sept 20:
Please read the 5 articles linked below!

#1. Read about, "101 Women Artists Who Got Wikipedia Pages This Week!"

#2. Read about "Categoreygate" or, Wikipedia’s Sexism Toward Female Novelists

#3. Read about Wikipedia's gender gap and the complicated reality of systemic gender bias

#4. from the New York Times: Define Gender Gap? Look Up Wikipedia’s Contributor List

#5. Read, "Can These Students Fix Wikipedia's Lady Problem?"

#6. The struggle over gender on Wikipedia: the case of Chelsea Manning

Lab: Wikipedia







Sept 22:
Lab: Wikipedia






SEPT 27:
Theme: Technology and Female Desire
Amy Adele Hasinoff, “Sexting as Media Production: Rethinking Social Media and Sexuality,” New Media & Society, 2012.

Koedt, Anne. "The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm." CWL Herstory Online Archive (1970).

Dear and Brilliant Students:
There are at least two glaring problems with "The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm," but a whole lot about it that is pretty great!

PROBLEM 1: Please look for several sentences in the piece that are VERY problematic in the way they discusse race and/or ethnicity.

PROBLEM 2: This piece was written in 1970, during a time typically referred to as "Second Wave Feminism." Because of this, it has many of the problems associated with this early civil rights movement: namely, it comes off as "man-hating." This DOES NOT mean we throw it out though! Instead, as you are reading it please scratch out (literally!) every time you run into the word “man” and “woman” according to context change these to:
“male-embodied” or
Likewise, every time you run into "women," according to context change it to:
“female-embodied” or

So, men have chosen to define women only in terms of how they benefited men's lives,” becomes: “masculinity encourages "men" to define feminine folks only in terms of how they benefited masculine lives”--or some variation of this!

( BTW, this sentence, taken directly from our article, is wrong! "Men" (masculine folks!) are also given lousy information about female anatomy and, in my experience, are grateful when they are finally given GOOD information!)

For Discussion: Female Anatomy




SEPT 29:
NOTE: Wikipedia edits are due by midnight on Monday, October 4!
You must also email me a copy of your WIkipedia contributions at: Please title your email "Wikipedia Assignment."


This Film is Not Yet Rated [97 min.]






Oct 4: No class meeting
Please view the vlog under "Thoughts on Visual Theory!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site! WARNING: it’s a bit long!! Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!





Oct 6:
Discuss Wiki Project article feedback from online editors.






Oct 11: Theme: Technology and Vision
Discuss Wiki Project article feedback from online editors.
Kember, Sarah. Virtual Anxiety: Photography, New Technologies and Subjectivity. New York: Redwood Books, 1998. Chap 1 – The Shadow of the Object: Photography and Realism.

Please go through this Index of Kember-related Images

“Photo Tampering Throughout History,” On the Four & Six site—a company specializing in “image forensics   *peruse the entire image archive but pay particular attention to the photoshoppins of the images listed under "Race & Gender" here:

Vlog(s): Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!
Please view both vlogs under "Thoughts on "The Shadow of the Object: Photography & Realism" by Sarah Kember!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!!

Video to watch together in class!:
"The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies"

This Film is Not Yet Rated [97 min.]





Oct 13:
Discuss Wiki Project article feedback from online editors.
This Film is Not Yet Rated [97 min.]





Oct 18:Theme: Theme: Technology, Whiteness and Racialization Online

Dear Students: You can finish watching the film, "This Film Is Not Yet Rated" here (we left off at approximately one hour!):


Nakamura, L. (2009). Don't Hate the Player, Hate the Game: The Racialization of Labor in World of Warcraft. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 26, 128-144.

Rodriguez, Vernadette V. Gonzlez and Robyn Magalit. "Filipina.Com: Wives, Workers and Whores on the Cyberfrontier." An Introduction to Women's Studies :Gender in a Transnational World. Ed. Inderpal Grewal and Caren Kaplan. Vol. 2. New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 2006. 375-79.

Videos to watch together *in class*!

"Ni Hao (A Gold Farmers Story)" on Youtube (discussed by Nakamura)



Oct 20: Wiki Reflection Essay DUE IN CLASS TODAY!!! Please include a copy of your WIki contributions with your essay. :-)

Dear Students: You can finish watching the film, "This Film Is Not Yet Rated" here (we left off at approximately one hour!):

* We will do this in class together! Harvard University's "Project Implicit"






Oct 25: Theme: Racialization and Surveillance Culture - PANOPTICON!
Ketchum, Karyl E. "Facegen and the Technovisual Politics of Embodied Surfaces." Women's Studies Quarterly 37.Special Issue: Technologies (2009): 183-99.

“Face to Anti-Face - Op-Art -” N. p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013.

Read the website: "Camouflage From Face Detection" or, how to hide from machines! “CV Dazzle: Camouflage from Face Detection.” N. p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013.

For Discussion:

Jeremy Bentham, Michel Foucault and the PANOPTICON
The Homicide Report: A Story For Every Victim






Oct 27:
** Facegen Software – bring in three pictures of yourself for use in Facegen (one straight on, one right profile, one left profile). You can also download you own copy of the Facegen Modeller (PC version only) HERE:

Bank of Facegen-ready celebrity faces:





Nov 1: Theme: Social Justice <<>> Social Media
Juan Cole and Shahin Cole, “An Arab spring for women - Le Monde diplomatique - English edition”, April 26, 2011,

Mona El-Naggar, “Equal Rights Takes to the Barricades -”, February 1, 2011,

“Egypt: The viral vlog of Asmaa Mahfouz that helped spark an uprising – Boing Boing”, February 2, 2011, ***(Please watch this BEFORE coming to class)

Please view the vlog under "Thoughts on Social Media & the Arab Spring!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!

We will watch this together in-class!: "For Neda" (70 min)

For Discussion:
UCLA's Hypercities Project on Egypt

Youtube on UCLA's Iran Hypercities Project

Hypercities Project, Tehran the day Neda was murdered



Nov 3:








Nov 8:
Photoshop Gallery Assignment must be in Dr. K's email by MIDNIGHT TONIGHT!!!
Please title your email "Photoshop Assignment."



Nov 10: Theme: Vision, Visibility, Gender and Power

Sturken, Marita, and Lisa Cartwright. “Spectatorship, Power and Knowledge,” Practices of Looking : An Introduction to Visual Culture. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Please view the vlog entitled, "Thoughts on Vision, Visibility and Power!" on our Course TITANium/Moodle site!!
Remember to watch this sped up by 1.25% to increase comprehension!

Go over ASSIGNMENT 2: Kuleshov Effect Assignment Guidelines! Experiment in visual meaning-making! Create a series of two Kuleshov Effects that reflect on the ideas in our course.

Videos (We will watch these together, in class!):
Rear Window's famous kiss
Youtube on the "Kulashov Effect"
The Bechdel Test for Women in Movies
"The Meeting of Two Queens," 14 min. & "Badass Supermama," 17 min.

Here are some helpful links!:
Alfred Hitchcock on the Kuleshov, or "montage," effect:

Article: "The Kuleshov Experiment":

Kuleshov's reel #1:

Kuleshove reel #2:

Principles of Film Theory Guide

Youtube on film techniques

For more ideas for your film project we will be watching several clips from the famous experimental film series, "Meeting Two Queens" in class today, aloong with some projects from previous semesters.

On "Meeting Two Queens": From "Meeting Two Queens" or "Encuentro entre dos Reinas" is Cecilia Barriga's skillful attempt at re-editing and cutting various scenes from films featuring Hollywood stars Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich in order to create a space for lesbian identity politics and identity formation. It offers an alternative viewing of these famous Hollywood stars which effectively re-envisions them as icons of the burgeoning gay and lesbian movement of the early 1990s. Meeting Two Queens engages feminist politics due to it being a fan-made film for fans of Garbo and Dietrich - stars who are significant in film history, lesbian subculture, and feminist criticism. Barriga's film also assists in validating one's sexual identity with Hollywood role models, which is both empowering and liberating for the formation of gay identity and solidarity. Mary Desjardins writes in Film Quarterly that, "Film scholars have placed these works within the avant-garde because their construction through appropriation and juxtaposition of fragments from a variety of films supposedly offers a commentary on the meaning process of all films." The critic B. Ruby Rich in New Queer Cinema: The Director’s Cut comments that Barriga's Meeting Two Queens, "re-edits Dietrich and Garbo movies to construct a dream narrative: get the girls together, help them meet, let them get it on".(Encuentro entre dos Reinas, 1991 In The Girls in the Back Room: Looking at the Lesbian Bar, Kelly Hankin notes that Meeting Two Queens, "skillfully juxtaposes spare parts from a range of classical Hollywood films to depict a romance between Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich."
"The Hospital" and "The Library," beginning @ 2:40
"The Telephone," @ 6:29
"The Dialogue," @ 7:41

Break Free. My debut short film. #BreakFree

Posted by Ruby Rose on Monday, July 14, 2014




Nov 15 :




Nov 17: Lab:
Kuleshov Effect Project and Camtasia




Nov 22: Fall Recess



Nov 24: Fall Recess






Nov 29: Theme: Technology, Masculinity and Militarism
Strauss, David Levi. "Breakdown in the Gray Room: Recent Turns in the Image War." Abu Ghraib: The Politics of Torture. Berkeley: Terra Nova, 2004. 87-101.

Sanbonmatsu, John. "Video Games and Machine Dreams of Domination." Gender, Race and Class in Media. Ed. Gail Dines and Jean M. Humez. Los Angeles: Sage, 2011. 571-82.

“The Drama of the Drone Papers.” Daily Intelligencer. Accessed November 12, 2015.

Film: Making a Killing: Guns, Greed and teh NRA (We will watch this in class!). 1 hour 45 min.

This is not required reading but is of interest to those of you who would like additional information about the U.S. practice of relying on drone strikes: Columbia University Report on U.S. Drone Strikes






Dec 1: Lab
Kuleshov Project




Dec 6: Lab
Your Kulesov Project must be in my box by midnight TONIGHT!

Please email to and write "Kuleshov Project" as the subject of your email. :)



Dec 8: Film Festival!!! ATTENDANCE IS MANDATORY!!!






1:00 Class: Tues., Dec 13, noon – 1:50, Hum 512

2:30 Class: Thurs., Dec 15, 2:30 – 4:20, Hum 512






























Video: We will watch this together in class.
"Collateral Murder"

"Unmanned" (22 min.)

Signature Strikes graphic
(From Colmbia University's report on US Drone Strikes linked above)















Anonymous Steubenville:


App*More informaiton on UCSD Professor Ricardo Domiguez and the Transborder Immigrant Tool Project here!











Links to More Cool Tech Stuff!!

Get your own CSU Fullerton *free version* of Adobe Creative Cloud, which includes Photoshop here!!:

Wikipedia Vision

TransHack Project: Research shows that transgender people are unemployed at 2x the national rate–4x for transgender people of color; have incomes of less than $10,00 a year; experience homelessness at 2x the rate of non-trans people; and suffer overwhelming discrimination when it comes to accessing adequate healthcare and legal services. This problem not only affects transgender adults but trans and gender nonconforming youth as well. A necessary step in addressing anti-transgender bias is to create technology that socially empowers transgender individuals. Imagine if there existed a mobile phone app that helps individuals find trans friendly doctors or an app that profiles safe space job opportunities for trans people across the country? Trans*H4CK is a space in which to turn these possibilities into reality.

Wikipedia Vision: WikipediaVision is a (close to!) real-time visualization of edits to the English (and the German, French, Spanish, Swedish) Wikipedia site(s).

AIDS Quilt touch project

Article about The AIDS Quilt Touch Project

Link to CSUF student pricing for Adobe Creative Suite!






Exercise/Tutorial Links:


Paul's GIF Guide

Balloon Landscape Demo Files

Photoshop Retouching Tutorial Page

Dreamweaver Instructions

Windows Movie Maker Instructional Sheet

Movie Maker Video Tutorials

Movie Maker Demo WMV File

Camtasia Studio 7 tutorials

Creating open captions in Camtasia




Links on Filmmaking:

The Film Techniques of Hitchcock

Youtube on film techniques

Some additional online editing tools and programs





Links to Previous Students' Work:

Gender & Technology Web Design Projects Gallery

Fall 2011 Photoshop Gallery






Visual Theory Links:

Visual Theory: Understanding "Framing"

Visual Theory: Appropriation and the relationship between images and text

Visual Theory: Roland Barthes "Commutation Test" and the Johnny Deere Doll



Experiments in Visual Theory and HTML

The Postmodern Psychodynamics of Visibility [deconstructing images with rollovers]

The PINK Project [theorizing images through Hypertext and "hotspots" or image mapping]

Does Language Influence Vision? [creating a game for your viewer]

Roland Barthes conception of the sign [interactive diagram]

"Marina's Gift" [mimicking the physical world]





Other Readings of Interest:

Brady report on gun violence in America

Brady Report on Assault Weapons in the US

State-By-State Gun Laws

The struggle over gender on Wikipedia: the case of Chelsea Manning

“Wikipedia Ponders Its Gender-Skewed Contributions -” Accessed January 18, 2014.

Wong, Kristina Sheryl. "Pranks and Fake Porn: Doing Feminism My Way." Catching a
Wave: Reclaiming Feminism for the 21st Century. Ed. Rory Dicker and Alison
Piepmeier. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2003.

Goffman, Erving. Gender Advertisements. New York: Harper and Rowe, 1976.

Petchesky, Rosalind Pollack. "Fetal Images: The Power of Visual Culture in the Politics of Reprodduction." Feminist Studies 13.2 (1987): 263-92.




Other Cool Stuff to Check Out:

Play Twine game, "Sacrilige"

Google Reverse Image Search Engine

Google Cultural Institute

Jeremy Bentham, Michel Foucault and the PANOPTICON

Brooklyn Museum's Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art

Free Culture Manifesto

Creative Commons website

PBS's Art 21: Art in the 21st Century

Wikileaks: military video over Baghdad

WIRED's coverage of the Iraqi military video leaked by Wikileaks

George Washington University's National Security Archive

Amistad Digital Resource for Teaching African American History--Columbia University

The Memory Hole

Nanotechnologies and anti-bacterial underwear???

Text of E.T.A. Hoffman's "The Sandman"

The aesthetic of Postmodernism

Jon Ippolito "Hacking Copyright for Fun and Profit"

Guillermo Gomez Pena's site

Meet Lynn Hershman Leeson's Agent Ruby from her film "Teknolust" HERE!!

Artist Kara Walker's intrigueing cutouts on race and whiteness

The Guerrilla Girls

The Art of Barbara Kruger


DOD Statistics







Technlogies of Vision--"Film Making Techniques"



"Photoshop Extreme"



lost info

2007 FCC Oversight Hearing -- John Kerry





Heather Hunt, Gender and Technoculture, Spring 2009